Cancer is a group of conditions where the body’s cells begin to grow and reproduce in an uncontrollable way. These cells can then invade and destroy healthy tissue, including organs.

Testicular cancer is one of the less common cancers, accounting for just 1% of all cancers that occur in men. It usually affects younger men between the ages of 15 and 44 and is the most common cancer in man between the ages of 25 and 35.

Each year, according to data collected by Cancer Research UK, around 2,090 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer, around 70 – 80 will die.

The MGF are dedicated to raising awareness of the signs and symptoms of testicular cancer to as many people as possible, in doing so we hope to get more men treated earlier and help to reduce the amount of deaths each year.

It is vitally important that men get in to the habit of checking their testicles once a month.
Cancers which are found early are the most easily treated. So it makes sense to check yourself regularly so that you get to know how your body feels normally. Then it will be easier for you to notice any changes.

The best way to check for testicular cancer is to examine yourself once a month. A good time to do this is after a warm bath or shower, when the scrotal skin is relaxed.

If you do find something it is vitally important to visit your GP as soon as you can.
Your GP will examine your testicles to help determine whether or not the lump is cancerous. Research has shown that less than 4% of testicular lumps are cancerous.

Treatment for testicular cancer includes the surgical removal of the affected testicle (which should not affect fertility or the ability to have sex), and chemotherapy. Less commonly radiotherapy, a treatment that uses radiation to kill cancer cells, may be used for seminomas.

The cause or causes of testicular cancer are unknown, but a number of things have been identified that increase the chance of developing the condition. These include:

  • Having a family history of testicular cancer
  • Being born with undescended testicles (cryptorchidism). About 3-5% of boys are born with their testicles located inside their abdomen, which usually descend into the scrotum during the first four months of life.
  • For some time, doctors have suspected that testicular cancer was linked to fertility problems and poor sperm quality. Studies have confirmed that men with fertility problems have an increased risk of testicular cancer. The problems they identified were low semen concentration, sperm that did not move around as much as normal, or a high proportion of abnormal sperm.

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